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  1. California Historical Societies & Museums courtesy Dogtown Territorial Quarterly
  2. Butte County, California
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  4. Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  5. Mountain Maidu and Pioneers: A History of Indian Valley, Plumas County, California, 1850 - 1920

Hawthorne by Lilly and Daisy, Lindgren Kurtz's interest intensified and motivated her to learn more.

Through that desire, she published her first work, the aforementioned book about the original settlers of the Indian Valley. The event is scheduled from noon until 4 p. Live music will be played throughout the event. The July 27 Celebrate Recovery picnic will feature live music from live bands and a free public barbecue. Photo submitted A new reason to smile Sometimes, you just need o friend. Someone to listen to you in a sate, contldentlal, unblased, environment. Nick Bauter, D. Cans should be on the curb no later than 7.

George Peconom personal communication reported that the Maidu gathered acorns and pine nuts at the base of Thompson Peak to trade with Pit River people. He also noted that "the Honey Lake Maidu gathered tobacco along the southern slopes in most of the Maidu territory" G. Osa, personal communication Thompson Peak was also the site of the shaman's duel described in the Widojkym section above.

California Historical Societies & Museums courtesy Dogtown Territorial Quarterly

Polpolpolim, Hot Springs near Amedee Mountain. In Maidu, polpolpolim means "water boiling up" or "bubbling spring.

Viola visited there many times. Her mother told her that Plumas County Maidu had a trail from Indian Valley and would walk here to camp for two to three days at a time. It was always warm there, with food and green grass in winter. If one was a good Indian doctor, the water would shoot high up in the air when he arrived. The water shot up to say "You're welcome.

Butte County, California

Bad doctors were afraid to go there and rarely did. Viola's Aunt Edith and Uncle George went there because it was thought to be a healing place.

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They sat in the mud up to their necks. The mud was mainly good for rheumatism. Uncle George also would clean his bedding in the springtime in the hot boiling water. The temperature was different at different points along the little stream. George would get in the hot mud, cover himself, and sit there, then wash himself off. Viola's mother and even an old white man also came here. The white man stayed for about a week and went away healed. Also at Polpolpolim, the Maidu constructed a sweathouse of upright timbers placed into the ground.

The sweathouse was rectangular with a flat roof and was built over a place where steam came up from the ground. It was divided by a curtain into two chambers and had a seat inside. Viola sat in there with her Aunt Edith. Whereas the mud bath was mainly for treating rheumatism, the purpose of the sweathouse was to get poisons, or anything bad, out of the body. George also went into the sweathouse for this purpose.

They had two big jugs of cold water and when they came out of the sweathouse they would pour the cold water on them. Ron Morales spent days there with his family when he was around ten years old. He would swim in a somewhat cooler area downstream. He recalls many feathers around the edge of the boiling water. Indians would dip their ducks, quail, grouse, canvasbacks, mudhens, Canadian geese, and snow geese in the boiling water because it made them easier to pluck. Om Kuluojwem, Fredonyer Mountain.

According to Viola Williams, the name means "rock dark valley," although Shipley personal communication had a slightly different version, maintaining that it means "rock that seems to be getting dark. Steve Camacho, who is a native of the Westwood area, learned from George Peconom precisely where the Maker landed his boat on the southwestern end of Fredonyer after the big flood see Dixon [] and Shipley [] for the Maidu flood tale.

By the side of the Maker's trail, which passes by this mountain, sits a stone lizard with closed eyes that catches animals with his tongue.

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When the Maker traveled this way, the animals told him to be careful because this bad thing would get him. The Maker, who was not intimidated, traveled this way despite the warning. When he saw the lizard, he hit it with his staff and said, "You will do no harm to the animals and my people. Lone Pine map, No. He was Roxie Peconom's cousin. The Maidu called Bob Taylor "Joskopim" because he lived near the hill by this name. Leona Morales personal communication knew his family: He had a wife and two daughters They had a place where the big old pine tree used to stand That's where his home was, where the city dump is.

He had a nice spring there. And he had it fixed good so it'd keep cool in the summertime And he used to give what you called Wedam every spring. Today the white people and different ones call it Bear Dance. He always gave it in the spring when the wormwood and their pretty flowers came out. He was Julia's brother.

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And he had three other sisters besides Julia. There was Emma Wilson and then there was Annie Thompson They lived in down around Janesville all of their lives They died and were buried down there in the old Indian cemetery. A large Bear Dance and a roundhouse see Figures were photographed in Lone Pine around see Evans One photograph shows a group of men firing guns into the air at the end of the Bear Dance, an element of the ritual that is no longer practiced.

Bob Taylor, who was born around , received Susanville allotment number 26 in Bob n. Ron Morales recalled that George Peconom hunted on the western side of Karlo for rabbit, deer, and pronghorn, particularly during the months of October, November, and December when the game would be fat and healthy. Ron and Parr LaMarr accompanied George on many of these hunting trips.

If the hunting was not good on the western side of Karlo, George would take them to the eastern part. Rabbits killed in these areas in the summer months might have boils. If George killed rabbits in summer, he would skin them to check for boils and throw them away if they had any. They hunted deer and pronghorn at other times of the year but not during the rut or mating season. Some of the largest deer came from the northern and eastern slopes of Viewland.

George would point toward the slope of Five Springs Mountains map, No. Don't fool around there and don't hunt there.

Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California

When Ron was a child, she would point up the hill when passing this place and say, "Our people used to live there. Lorena Gorbet, a Greenville Maidu, stated that her relatives once lived there L. Gorbet, personal communication Lorena's grandmother's sister, Maggie Lowry, lived and died there of smallpox in the 's. According to Lorena, when her grandmother was a child, the Indian Valley side of the family would load up the children in a buckboard and go up over the grade from Quincy, camp near Graeagle, and arrive in Honey Lake Valley the second day.

They would stay for maybe a week for Bear Dance or some other activity and then make the two-day journey back to Greenville. Annie Lowry, who was the youngest in her family, was born in Annie told Lorena a family story about Annie's grandfather's death. He misjudged the weather and froze to death in his camp while crossing Wildcat Ridge.

Family members from both sides searched for him and found him, thereby discovering that he had two families L. Lilly Baker still gathers willows here for basketry see Fig. The area is also known for eagles. Sumbilim see Fig. It is named for a little plant that looks like a wild pea.

Mountain Maidu and Pioneers: A History of Indian Valley, Plumas County, California, 1850 - 1920

Lokbom, a medicinal plant, once grew there. The settlement was prehistoric and no one remembers the name of the people who lived there. In more recent times, a Filipino man named Sam Banayat, who was married to a Maidu woman named Frances, owned a gambling hall there. He sold the land to a group of Indians in Riddell , who identified this site CA-LAS by the Maidu name, described it as a historical Maidu village site and a good spot for gathering sumbilim, the roots of which the Maidu used as a poultice see Evans , Wetajam was a big Maidu village in southwestern Susanville map, No.

Roxie's mother, Betsy Charlie, was born in a village very near here at the south end of Elysian Valley. Roundhouses existed at these as well as several other nearby villages. Nothing is left of the village at Wetajam, but there are many unmarked burials. Ron has never looked around because he was told to stay away by his relatives, who avoided the place because Roxie's husband, John Peconom, died here of smallpox and was buried on the property.

Viola never visited the village site for the same reason. Her mother told her to stay away because one could hear a shaman's cocoon rattle there at night. She said the rattle belonged to John Peconom, who was a good shaman. Viola's mother would point to a spot on the Hulsman property and tell her that that was where Roxie was born. Indian Jim Hulsman, who was Maidu, took his name from the white rancher who owned the property. I don't remember their names.